Ovarian cysts are common and may come and go without you even knowing. But when you have large ovarian cysts that cause pelvic pain, Jeffrey Yu, MD PC, on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, can provide treatments to reduce symptoms and prevent complications. Call the New York City office, or schedule an ovarian cyst consultation online today.
Ovarian cysts are sacs filled with fluid or other substances in the ovary. They range in size from as small as a pea to larger than a grapefruit and contain a clear fluid, blood, or solid tissue.
Cysts are common, and most are functional, meaning they’re a normal part of the menstrual cycle. However, cysts may cause problems if they grow too large.
Dr. Yu is a highly skilled and patient-centered OB/GYN who provides medical and surgical care for ovarian cysts.
There are different types of cysts. Some form during the menstrual cycle, and others from underlying gynecological conditions. Most ovarian cysts are benign.
Types of ovarian cysts include:
During your menstrual cycle, your egg grows inside a follicle. When it matures, the egg breaks through the follicle. You develop follicle cysts when the egg fails to break out of its follicle. These types of ovarian cysts cause no symptoms and resolve on their own within three months.
After the egg leaves the follicle, the follicle shrinks and turns into a collection of cells called corpus luteum. Corpus luteum cysts form if the collection of cells fails to shrink and fluid collects in the sac. These ovarian cysts resolve within weeks but may grow larger.
Endometriomas are a type of ovarian cyst that occurs in women with endometriosis.
Dermoids are cysts present at birth. These cysts don’t usually cause problems.
Cystadenomas are fluid-filled cysts that grow large.
Cysts are only problematic when they grow large, causing pelvic pain, bloating, and swelling. If the cyst ruptures, you may have severe sudden pain.
Dr. Yu conducts a thorough evaluation when you come in with concerns about ovarian cysts. He reviews your symptoms, medical and gynecological history, and performs a physical and pelvic exam.
Dr. Yu may perform an on-site ultrasound on the day of your visit to confirm your diagnosis and determine the size and location of your cyst.
Treatment for ovarian cysts depends on the size of the cyst and your symptoms. For small cysts that are less than six centimeters, Dr. Yu prescribes hormonal birth control and schedules visits to monitor the cyst.
If your ovarian cyst is larger than six centimeters, Dr. Yu surgically removes it using minimally invasive laparoscopic techniques.
To schedule an appointment for the evaluation or treatment of ovarian cysts, call the office of Jeffrey Yu, MD PC, or book an appointment online today.